Emblem

Emblem I, 2020

Archival pigment print on paper
42cm x 59.4cm

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“Approximately 1 percent of this document has been blocked out due to the Department of Defense sanitization process used with declassified materials. Portions of this document are not fully legible.”

All the censored blocks from the inside pages of the summary report (sanitised version) of the test series UPSHOT-KNOTHOLE (1953), layered and combined together.⁣

If you’ve ever seen black and white footage of a house suddenly smoking and being obliterated in the blink of an eye, or trees in a forest bend and shatter as an invisible wave rolls in and retreats, UPSHOT-KNOTHOLE is where it happened.⁣

The film footage was used to instill fear in the public whilst at the same time providing supposed evidence that society could continue in the face of atomic annihilation, and that there were practical steps the ordinary person could take to increase their chances of survival.⁣

Of the 11 tests in the 1953 series, most footage comes from the airdropped ENCORE test, slightly larger in yield to the Fat Man bomb dropped over Nagasaki in 1945. Yield in nuclear weapons is generally measured using the equivalent amount kilotons (kt) of TNT. ENCORE was 27kt in yield whereas the most common airdropped device currently in use by the US, the B61, has a yield of between 10-400kt. One kilogram of TNT can destroy a small vehicle. ⁣

A rem is a radiation protection unit of measure that quantifies the risk of biological effects resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation is any radiation (gamma, x-ray, beta, neutron, or alpha) capable of displacing electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby producing ions. According to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, the general U.S. population receives about 0.62 rem per year from natural background radiation sources (radon, cosmic rays, and rocks). A standard diagnostic chest x-ray delivers a radiation dose of about 0.02 rem. Observers viewing the series received doses of up to 28 rem. ⁣

 

Emblem II, 2020

Archival pigment print on paper
29cm x 42cm

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“BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
PB97-II33D2
Report Nos: DNA-AR-48M-SAN
Title: Nuclear Weapon Characteristics Report. Issue 61 (Sanitized Version).
Date: I Oct 88
Performing Organization: Defense Nuclear Agency. Washington. DC.
Supplemental Notes: Approximately 65 percent of this document has been blocked out due
to the Department of Defense sanitization process used with declassified materials.
Portions of this document are not fully legible. See also PB96-I7D493. .
NTIS Field/Group Codes: 74H (Nuclear Warfare). 74E (Logistics. Military Facilities. &
Supplles)
Price: PC AD5/MF ADI
Availability: Available from the National Technical Information Service. Springfield.
vA. 22161
Number of Pages: 72p
Keywords: *Nuclear weapons. *Stockpiles. *Assembly. Nuclear bombs. Nuclear warheads.
ProJectlles. Inventories. Research and development. Weapons effects.
Abstract: This report summarizes pertinent technical information for each nuclear
warhead or bomb and its various apglications. These summaries are Rublished for
information only. Appendix A is a ibliography on nuclear weapon effects.”

Condescension Fade

Condescension Fade: I, 2019
Archival pigment print on paper
29cm x 42 cm

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“Disabling Internet connectivity at a meeting or conference. Organizers do it to encourage participants to ‘focus.’ The term evolved from backhoe fade – hacker lingo for a sudden loss of connectivity.”

WIRED Staff (2004). jargon watch. [online] WIRED. Available at: https://www.wired.com/2004/03/jargon-watch-138/ [Accessed 13 Sep. 2019].

A series exploring the tension between digital glitches seen in digitised books and documents and the desire to record for posterity.

Memories eroded or added to by the technology we have come to increasingly trust and rely upon to augment our own organic recording.

 

Condescension Fade: I-IV, 2019
Archival pigment prints on paper
Each 29cm x 42 cm

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Quarter Life

Quarter Life, 2016
Graphite and oil on paper
64cm x 64cm

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This piece is based on the surface area of my skin, 1.66m2.

Birch

Birch, 2015
Mixed media on paper
129cm x 129cm

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This piece is sized to the surface area of my skin, 1.66m2.